List of Important Computer Full Forms


Here is the List of Most Important Full Forms of Computer Relating Terms arranged in categorize like Hardware, Memory Units, Keyboards related, Internet and Some famous Domain names so that you can better identify and differentiate among them.

Before we proceed, Just try to think...

Does the word "COMPUTER" really have any full form ?

It is a myth or what ? think yourself. I am not really sure.. 
But the word "COMPUTER" is not an abbreviation to have a full form, But It is a word generated with the English word "Compute" which means to Calculate.

Although, The Full form used by many users of COMPUTER can be "Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research".


Hardware Related Full Forms :



 AC     :   Alternating Current
ACPI   :   Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
AGP    :   Accelerated Graphics Port
AMD   :   Advanced Micro Devices
AMR   :   Audio Modem Riser
APM   :  Advanced Power Management
ASR   :  Automated System Recovery
AT     :  Advanced Technology
ATA   :   Advanced Technology Attachment
ATAPI  :  Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
BIOS   :  Basic Input Output System
BRD-BD : BLU-RAY Disc
CD  :  Compact Disc
CMOS  :  Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
CPU   :  Central Processing Unit
CRT   :  Cathode Ray Tube.
DAT   :  Digital Audio Tape.
DRAM : Dynamic Random Access Memory
DVD   :  Digital Versatile Disc
DVD-R :  Digital Video Disc-Recordable
DVD-RW  :  Digital Video Disc-Rewritable
FAT   :  File Allocation Table
IC    :  Integrated Chip
LCD  :  Liquid Crystal Display
LED  :  Light Emitting Diode
MDA  :  Monochrome Display Adapter
MMC  :  Multi-Media Card
NIC    :  Network Interface Card
NTFS :  New Technology File System
OCR  :  Optical Character Recognition
OEM  :  Original Equipment Manufacturer
OMR  :  Optical Mark Recognition
OS    :  Operating System
PC     :  Personal Computer
PDA   :  Personal Digital Assistant
RAID  : Redundant Array of Independent Discs
RAM  :  Random Access Memory
ROM  :  Read Only Memory
SATA :  Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SD     : Secure Digital
UPS   :  Uninterrupted Power Supply
USB   :  Universal Serial Bus
UTP   :   Unshielded Twisted Pair cable
VDT   :  Visual Display Terminal
VDU   :  Visual Display Unit
VGA   :  Video Graphics Array
VLSI   :  Very Large Scale Integration



Full Forms of Keyboard`s Keys Abbreviations :



ALT    :  ALTERNATE

CTRL  :  CONTROL

DEL    :  DELETE

ESC    :  ESCAPE

FN      :  FUNCTION

INS     :  INSERT

NUM LOCK : NUMBER LOCK
PgDn   :  PAGE DOWN
PgUp   :  PAGE UP
PrtScn=Prt Scr=Print Scrn=Prt Scn=Prt Sc=Prt Scrn=Prnt Scrn : PRINT SCREEN
ScrLk    : SCROLL LOCK
SysRq   : SYSTEM REQUEST




Memory Units :




bit  = Binary digit     
Byte = B     
KiloByte    =  KB     
MegaByte  =  MB     
GigaByte   =  GB
TeraByte   =  TB     
PetaByte   =  PB     
ExaByte    =  EB     
ZettaByte  = ZB  
YottaByte  = YB 




Internet or Networking Terms :




AM/FM    :    Amplitude/FrequencyModulation.
AP          :   ACCESS POINT
APIPA     :   Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
ARP        :   Address Resolution Protocol
ARPANET :    Advanced Research Project Agency
ASP        :    ACTIVE SERVER PAGES
CDMA     :    Code Divison Multiple Access.
CSS       :   Cascading Style sheet
DL         :   DOWNLOAD
DMCA    :   Digital Millenium Copyright Act
DNS      :   Domain Name System
EDGE    :   Enhanced Data Rate for GSM 
E-MAIL  :   Electronic Mail
GPRS    :   General Packet Radio Service.
GSM      :   Global System for Mobile Communication.
HSDPA  :   High Speed Downlink Packet Access.
HTML    :   HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE
HTTP     :  HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL
HTTPS   :  HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL SECURE
INFO     :   INFORMATION
IP         :   Internet Protocol
IPV4     :   INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 4
IPV6     :   INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 6
ISP       :   Internet Service Provider
LAN      :   LOCAL AREA NETWORK
MMS     :   MULTIMEDIA MESSAGING SERVICE
NAT      :   NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION
PHP       :  HYPERTEXT PREPROCESSOR
PR        :   PAGE RANK
RSS      :  REALLY SIMPLE SYNDICATION
SEO      :  SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION
SIM      :   Subscriber Identity Module.
SMS     :   SHORT MESSAGE SERVICE
SQL     :    STRUCTURED QUERY LANGUAGE
TCP     :    Transmission Control Protocol .
UHF     :    Ultra High Frequency.
UL       :    UPLOAD
UMTS   :   Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
URL     :   Uniform or Universal Resource Locator
VHF     :   Very High Frequency.
VIRUS  :   Vital Information Resource Under Siege
VOIP    :   Voice Over Internet Protocol
WAP    :   Wireless Application Protocol.
WI-FI   :   WIreless FIdelity
WLAN  :   Wireless Local Area Network
WWW  :   World Wide Web
XML     :   eXtensible Markup Language



Most Common Domains :




.BIZ   :  BUSINESS
.COM  :  COMMERCIAL
.EDU  :  EDUCATIONAL
.GOV  :  GOVERMENTAL
.IN     :  INDIA
.INFO :  INFORMATION
.NET  :  NETWORK
.ORG :  ORGANIZATION
.UK   :  UNITED KINGDOM
.US   :  UNITED STATE
TLD  :  TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN



Mostly used Extensions :




3GP    : 3rd Generation Project
3GPP  : 3rd Generation Partnership Project
AAC   : Advanced Audio Coding
AMR   : Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec
AVI    : Audio Video Interleave
BMP   : Bitmap
DOC  : Document
DVX  : DivX Video
GIF   : Graphic InterchangeableFormat
JAD  : Java Application Descriptor
JAR  : Java Archive
JPEG : Joint Photographic Expert Group
M3G  : Mobile 3D Graphics
M4A  : MPEG-4 Audio File
MP3  :  Moving Picture Experts Group Phase  PHASE 3 (MPEG-3)
MP4   : MPEG-4 video file
MPEG : Moving Picture Experts Group  (MPEG)
MPEG 1 :  Moving Picture Experts Group  PHASE 1 (MPEG-1)
MPEG 2 :  Moving Picture Experts Group Phase  PHASE 2 (MPEG-2)
PDF  :  Portable Document Format
PNG  :  Portable Network Graphics
RTS  :  Real Time Streaming
SIS  :   Symbian OS Installer File
SWF  :  Shock Wave Flash
TXT   :  Text
WAV  :  Waveform Audio
WBMP : Wireless Bitmap Image
WMA   : Windows Media Audio
WMP   : Windows Media Player
WMV   : Windows Media Video


Other Terms will also be added soon.Hope, you get it helpful.


Have Fun!




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